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About the Kurdistan Parliament

Role and powers

As provided in the federal constitution of Iraq, Parliament has considerable power to debate and legislate on policy in a wide range of areas. The Kurdistan Parliament is the Region's democratically elected legislature consisting of one elected chamber. Its main functions are...


The last election for the 111-seat legislature was held on 30 September 2018. Anyone aged 18 or over who is a citizen of the Kurdistan Region and is on the electoral register is eligible to vote in a direct, universal and secret ballot. The electoral system is a partially open-list form of proportional representation...Read more

History of Parliament

The Kurdistan National Assembly (later renamed parliament) was established in 1992, in the first free and fair elections ever held in the Kurdistan Region or in any part of Iraq. The election was held just a year after the Kurdish Uprising of March 1991, when the people rose up against the Ba'ath regime of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in the aftermath of the liberation of Kuwait.

Rules of Procedure

The Kurdistan Parliament's written internal rules, called the Rules of Procedure, regulate its own proceedings. The current Rules of Procedure were passed in 2018 and some amendments were made in 2019...